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Agusta-Bell 204B (I)UH-1
222 226
MLD 222 / V MLD 226 / K
NHIndustries NH90
79+10 N-228
HEER 79+10 RNethAF N-228
RNethAF N-234 RNethAF N-277
Westland Lynx
AAC XZ643 MLD 261
MLD 277 RNethAF 283
Westland Super Sea Lynx
Marine 83+20 Marine 83+23
267 Westland WG-13 Lynx HAS.2(FN) c/n 051 - MARINE - Valkenburg NAS in Holland - 13 September 1997 Valkenburg NAS

The Westland WG13 Lynx is a military two-engine, multi-purpose, ASW and transport helicopter designed by the British manufacturer Westland Helicopters, in cooperation with Aérospatiale in France. In fact, the origins of the Lynx go back to early 1957, when Bristol Helicopter began developing their Type 203, a single engined, eleven-seat Sycamore and Whirlwind replacement. The basic design was scaled up in 1959 to the twin-engined Type 214. The following year Bristol Helicopter Division merged with Fairey's and Saunders-Roe under the Westland banner and in 1963 the research and development that had gone in the Type 203 and Type 214 resulted in the WG.3. The Westland Helicopters' development programm initially consisted of four planned projects that included a civillian helicopter as a replacement for the Whirlwind and Wessex helicopters; an army helicopter; a navy helicopter and a two-seat attack helicopter. The Westland WG.3 aimed at replacing the Whirlwind, Sycamore, Scout and Wasp. Further development of the helicopter resulted via the WG.3C in the WG.13D as a replacement for the Aérospatiale Alouette II; Westland Scout and Westland Wasp helicopters in service by the British Navy and Army Air Corps. The two-seat attack helicopter was ultimately not developed and the civillian helicopter project resulted in the development of the Westland WG.30 Super Lynx, later known as Westland 30. The original Westland WG.13D evolved to the WG.13 pre-producion design. The WG.13 Lynx used many components derived from the Scout and Wasp. Among the new features was the design of the rotor head, blades and gearbox. The rotor itself was new, being a semi-rigid titanium rotor head with honeycomb sandwich blades. The first of 13 development Lynxes, prototype 00-01 "XW835", flew first at Yeovil on 21 March 1971. The XW835 was powered by two Rolls-Royce BS.360 turboshaft engines, specifically developed for the Westland Lynx helicopter and known as the Rolls-Royce Gem. The first production example, Lynx HAS Mk.2 c/n 001 "XZ227" the ASW version for the Royal Navy, flew on 10 February 1976. The Westland Lynx AH Mk.1, the British Army Air Corps utility version, flew first on 11 February 1977. From the first Westland WG.13 Lynx protototype, a wide range of Lynx variants were developed. The latest development is the AgustaWestland AW159 Lynx Wildcat that flew first on 12 November 2009.

In 1979, the first of 26 Westland WG-13 Lynx HAS.2(FN) entered service with the French Naval Air Arm (Aéronautique Navale de la Marine Nationale - Aéronaval; over the years followed by 14 improved Westland WG-13 Lynx HAS.4(FN) helicopters. The Lynx served with the Aéronavale Flotille 31F; 34F; 35F and Escadrille de Servitude 20S. The 40 Westland WG-13 Lynx helicopters for the French Navy were built under licence by SNIAS in France:
- Lynx Mk.2 (FN) - designated HAS.2(FN) in service with the French Navy it was powered by two Roll-Royce Gem 2 turboshafts; fitted with wheeled undercarriage, folding rotors and tail and deck lock. The HAS.2(FN) was equipped with a French radar and dipping sonar. When it was used in the anti-submarine role, it could carry two torpedoes or depth charges. For anti-surface warfare, it was equipped with four AS.12 missiles (French Navy).
- Lynx Mk.4 (FN) - designated HAS.4(FN) in service with the French Navy it was powered by two Rolls-Royce Gem 4 turboshafts.
In 2019, the French Navy announced plans to retire the Lynx by 2020, and the type carried out its final operational deployment, aboard the frigate Latouche-Tréville, in July 2020. The Lynx was formally retired from French service on 4 September 2020.

On 26 April 178, Westland WG-13 Lynx HAS.2(FN) s/n WA-051 was testflown with the Royal Air Force serial XZ267. On 15 May 1978, the Lynx helicopter entered service with the Marine Nationale as XZ267. After some time, the XZ prefix of it's British 'XZ267' serial was deleted. In service with the French Navy, Westland WG-13 Lynx HAS.2(FN) '267' was modified to an HAS.4(FN). After Lynx '267' was withdrawn from service by Flotille 34F it was preserved: on 15 October 2020, the helicopter was flown by a crew of Flotille 31F to Musée de l'Aéronautique Navale at Rochefort.
On 13 September 1997, Westland WG-13 Lynx HAS.2(FN) '267' of Marine Nationale was seen at Valkenburg Naval Air Station near Leiden in the Netherlands.

page last updated: 19-01-2021
Copyright © Jack Wolbrink, Emmen, the Netherlands

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