The Airbus Helicopters EC120 B Colibri is a 5-seat light utility helicopter
powered by a single Turbomeca Arrius 2F turbine engine. The EC 120 B
Colibri, also known as Hummingbird, was developed with simplicity of
design and low costs of maintenance in mind. It makes extensive use of
composite materials and modern avionics. The new generation of fenestron
tail rotor takes part in the decrease in external noise level, which
makes the EC120 B ideal for missions near settled areas. The project
started in 1990 when Aerospatiale of France, CATIC of China and
Singapore Aerospace agreed in forming a partnership to develop a new
light helicopter, then designated P-120L. Definition phase of the
original P120L was subsequently redesigned with 500 kg lower gross
weight and new engine and rotor. The helicopter divisions of
Aerospatiale from France and MBB from Germany merged in January 1992 to
form the Eurocopter Group. In October 1992, development of the new
helicopter started and in January 1993, Eurocopter designation EC 120
was given to the helicopter. Mid-1993, the design definition was
completed and assembly of first of two prototypes began at Eurocopter
France at Marignane in early 1995. Eurocopter EC120 prototype F-WWPA
c/n 1 flew first on 9 June 1995. The second prototype (F-WWPD c/n 2) was
flown 17 July 1996. Certification to JAR 27 was achieved on 16 June
1997. Production of the EC 120 began on a small scale in 1997 at
Eurocopter France's Marignane facility, with the first production
c/n 1005) flying on 5 December 1997.
The airframes are made in China and the final assembly line of the EC120 is at the Eurocopter Marignane factory in France.
Next to the final assembly of the EC120 in France, a number of helicopters were assembled in Australia and Brazil.
On 11 June 2004, a contract was signed to set up a second assembly line in Harbin, China, to manufacture the EC120 helicopter.
The Chinese EC 120, built by HAI - Harbin Aviation Industries Co., Ltd. (Hafei Aviation), part of AviChina Industry & Technology
Company Ltd., is designated HC120 for the Chinese domestic market as well as the army's pilot training. China ordered 150 HC120
helicopters for the Army Aviation Unit (AAU). The assembly line in Harbin, Northeast China's Heilongjian Province, is capable of
producing 20 HC-120 helicopters a year. The first HC120 of this assembly line was flown first on 29 December 2004. In 2006, Regourd Aviation in France
obtained EASA certification for the modified EC120 "Voyager", an EC120 with auto-pilot, glass cockpit & integrated avionics. On 6 November 2015,
Airbus Helicopters started flight tests with the H120 demonstrator F-WMXC powered by a cleaner, more efficient 4.6-liter high-compression diesel engine
in place of the Turbomeca Arrius 2F turboshaft. These test flights are part of the European Clean Sky initiative’s Green Rotorcraft Integrated Technology
Demonstrator (ITD) program that started in 2011. In addition to Airbus Helicopters, the project involves TEOS Powertrain Engineering and Austro Engine.
Since March 2015, Airbus Helicopters uses “H120” as marketing designation for the EC120 B helicopters. The ICAO Aircraft Type Designator for both
the EC120 or H120 and the HC120 is EC20. Serial production of the Airbus Helicopters H120, originally the Eurocopter EC120 B, has officially ended.
The last H120 helicopter on order was delivered in September 2017. Over 700 single-engine H120 Colibris have been delivered in more than 50 countries
with more than 400 operators. The decision to stop production of the H120 was the result of Airbus Helicopters’ strategy to focus on markets where high-end
technologies bring the most value to customers. The company therefore concentrate on further developing its offer in the intermediate single-engine
segment with the H125 and H130 through continuous improvements of these two best-seller types.
As a result of the merger between the Eurocopter parents Aérospatiale-Matra; DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA)
and Construcciones Aeronàuticas Sociedad Anonima (CASA) in July 2000, the Eurocopter group became a division of the new formed
EADS (European Aeronautic Defence and Space company). Taking off into 2014, EADS was rebranded as "Airbus Group". Uniting
all its activities under a single brand, its helicopter division Eurocopter was rebranded as Airbus Helicopters on 8 January 2014.
In February 2005, Eurocopter France was permitted to fly Eurocopter EC120 B s/n 1397 with test registration F-WWXK.
On 15 March 2005, the 2005-built helicopter was registered N526AG in the USA. On 2 June 2006, Eurocopter EC120 B N526AG
was registered with Southern Aircraft Consultancy Inc Trustee, UK. A trust is an Anglo-Saxon legal. These Trustee's are
"Insured fiduciaries". Legally there is no owner, but the Trustee became the owner.
This construction is often used for enabling non-US Citizens to obtain
"N" registration of aircraft with the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) for aircraft operating principally outside the United States.
Eurocopter EC120 B Colibri N526AG was operated by the beneficial owner
in Ireland. On 14 August 2006, registration N313PM was reserved but not
taken up. On 5 March 2012, registration N526AG was cancelled as exported
to Germany. On 9 March 2010, the helicopter was permitted to fly with
registration D-HKDV and on 26 July 2010, the EC120 B was registered
D-HKDV with Wilhelm Niemann GmbH, Melle, Germany. On 26 August 2011, Eurocopter EC120
B Colibri D-HKDV was amoung the helicopters of a private fly-in at the
Hotel Weißer Bär in Mühlheim an der Mosel, Germany. The fly-in turned
into a disaster as the tail end of storm "Bert" brought tennis-ball size
hailstones, causing extensive damage to all 18 helicopters parked in the
grounds of Hotel Weisser Bär. Eurocopter EC120 B Colibri D-HKDV was rebuilt in very good condition
since, as can be seen on the photograph taken by Frank Gebert at Flugplatz Melle on 15 July 2012.
page last updated: 02-01-2018
Photo Copyrigh Frank Gebert / Wilhelm Niemann GmbH, Melle, Germany