The Airbus Helicopters EC135 is a lightweight five/seven seat
twin-turbine-engine multi-role helicopter with a radius of 720 km. The
EC 135 is offered with either Turbomeca Arrius 2B2 or Pratt and Whitney
Canada PW206B2 engines. Development of the Eurocopter EC135 started in
the 80s as the MBB Bo.108 Advanced Technology Helicopter. The prototype
BO108 with conventional tail rotor flew first on 15 October 1988. When
the helicopter divisions of MBB from Germany and Aerospatiale from
France merged in January 1992 to form the Eurocopter Group, the Bo108
program was transferred as well. An advanced low noise ducted 10-blade
Fenestron tail rotor was, next to other modifications, incorporated into
the design and the name of the helicopter was changed into Eurocopter
EC135. The prototype of the EC135 (D-HBOX s/n S-01) flew first on 15
February 1994. In 1996, the EC135 went into series production by
Eurocopter Deutschland in Donauwörth, Germany. After German
certification was granted on 14 June 1996, the first customer delivery
was on 31 July 1996. Next to the EC135 a special military version was
developed designated the Eurocopter EC635. Over 1200 EC135 airframes
have been delivered since the helicopter entered service in 1996. The
ICAO Aircraft Type Designator for the EC135 helicopters is EC35.
As a result of the merger between the Eurocopter parents Aérospatiale-Matra; DaimlerChrysler Aerospace (DASA)
and Construcciones Aeronàuticas Sociedad Anonima (CASA) in July 2000, the Eurocopter group became a division of the new formed
EADS (European Aeronautic Defence and Space company). Taking off into 2014, EADS was rebranded as "Airbus Group". Uniting
all its activities under a single brand, its helicopter division Eurocopter was rebranded as Airbus Helicopters on 8 January 2014.
Eurocopter EC135 T2 PH-EMS "Lifeliner 1" was photographed at Heliport Amsterdam.
The MMT (Mobil Medical Team) "Lifeliner 1" base is at the helideck of the VUmc - VU
medisch centrum in Amsterdam. The 2004-built Eurocopter EC-135T2 c/n 0374 was registered PH-EMS in the Netherlands with Medical Air Assistance BV on 3 December 2004.
On 3 February 2005, the PH-EMS was registered with ANWB Medical Air Assistance
BV. The four EMS-helicopters in the Netherlands are:
"Lifeliner 1" in Amsterdam,
"Lifeliner 2" in Rotterdam;
"Lifeliner 3" at Volkel AFB near Nijmegen
and "Lifeliner Europe 4"
in Groningen. In January 2005, Eurocopter EC135 T2 helicopters replaced
the MBB Bo-105 and the MDHI MD-900 helicopters in service with the MMTs
in the Netherlands. The PH-EMS replaced BO-105CBS-4 PH-KHD that was
operated before as "Lifeliner 1". After being withdrawn from use the MBB
Bo-105CBS-4 PH-KHD was stored at Bonn-Hangelar in Germany early 2005. On
9 May 2006, the PH-KHD was transported to the Aviodrome in Lelystad,
where this helicopter is on static display. ANWB Medical Air Assistance
operates, next to the four lifeliner helicopters, Eurocopter EC135 T2+
PH-HVB for crew training and as a spare aircraft for maintenance cover of the
lifeliners. On 7 November 2014, registration PH-EMS was cancelled as
exported to Austria. In November 2014, the helicopter was registered
OE-XVE in Austria with Helikopter Air Transport Gesellschaft m.b.H., Wien.