The Embraer EMB-145
MP is a twin-engine short-haul feeder-liner jet for up to 50
passengers. Embraer, the Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica S.A., is a Brazilian
corporation, founded in 1969. Embraer was a nearly bankrupt concern when
it was restructured and privatised in 1995. Today it is one of the
largest aviation manufacturers in the world, producing regional
commercial, military, and corporate aircraft. Embraer began working on a
50 seat short-haul feeder-liner jet concept in the late 1980s. The
original Embraer EMB145 concept was launched in mid 1989 and originally
used the straight-wings of the EMB-120 as well as a stretched version of
the EMB-120 Brasilia fuselage. Later redesigns evolved to include swept
wings with supercritical airfoils allowing improved performance. The
engine location also moved from above the wings to below the wings and
finally to the tail before the design was finally frozen. The Embraer
EMB145 was flown first on 11 August 1995. It has a range of about 2500
km. The EMB-145 was renamed the ERJ-145 EMBRAER Regional Jet since.
Three basic versions of the ERJ145 are available: Extended Range (ER),
Long Range (LR) and Extra Long Range (XR) versions. Since first delivery
in December of 1996 to Continental Express in the USA, more than 700 of
these successful Embraer jet aircraft have been delivered to operators
all over the world.
The 1999-built Embraer EMB-145MP s/n 145-178 was flown first with test-registration PT-SEZ. On 20 October 1999, the aircraft was registered F-GVHD
in France with Gie Catalina Bail, Paris, as owner, and Proteus Airlines as operator. On 30 March 2001, Proteus Airlines, Flandre Air and Regional
Airlines merged into Régional Compagnie Aérienne Européenne. Régional was a subsidiary airline wholly owned by Air France which connected hubs at Paris,
Lyon, Clermont-Ferrand, and Bordeaux to about 5049 airports in Europe. The airline operated in Air France livery, retaining its name in small titles and
logo on the front fuselage and engines. It became the first European operator of the Embraer 190 aircraft in November 2006. It was headquartered in Bouguenais
at the Nantes Atlantique Airport. On 31 March 2013, Régional was amalgamated with Brit Air and Airlinair into Société HOP!, an airline wholly owned by Air France.
On 12 March 2014, Embraer EMB-145 MP F-GVHD was seen at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in the Netherlands with HOP! For AIR FRANCE titles.